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Infant Toddler Development Training
Module 1, Lesson 5

Even though the previous lesson in this module addressed the causes and symptoms developmental delays and disorders have on child development, it is important to review some of the major effects. A brief listing of the effect which various impairments have on child development is listed below.

Effect of Sensory Impairments on Child Development

  • Deficits in identifying the source of a sound
  • Difficulty in listening in a noisy environment
  • Language delays
  • Speech delays
  • Lack of coordination
  • Decreased muscle tone leading to delays in gross motor skills
  • Delayed fine motor skills
  • Delays in self-feeding
  • Delayed social interaction and development of play

Effect of Chronic Illness on Child Development

  • Delayed growth
  • Lack of stamina
  • Loss of strength
  • Malnutrition
  • Respiratory problems
  • Socialization concerns
  • Diminished immune system

Effect of Genetic Syndromes on Child Development

  • Language delays
  • Maturation delays
  • Cognitive deficiencies
  • Infertility

Effect of Cognitive Delays on Child Development

  • Decreased learning abilities
  • Problems in working memory
  • Distractibility
  • Poor judgment
  • Deficiencies in processing information
  • Inflexibility
  • Inability of brain to control muscle function

Effect of Motor Deficits on Child Development

  • Difficulty in muscle control and coordination
  • Lack of bladder and bowel control
  • Loss of sense of balance
  • Digression of motor skills
  • Loss of equilibrium
  • Disordered interpretation of tactile stimulation (tactile defensiveness)

(Batshaw, 1997; Heller, Alberto, Forney, & Schwartzman, 1996)


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