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Children's Medical Services - Special services for children with special needs
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Infant Toddler Development Training
Module 6, Lesson 1


This lesson presents basic knowledge related to health and disease in infants and toddlers. The information will assist the Infant Toddler Developmental Specialist (ITDS) in determining appropriate developmental interventions for infants and toddlers with special needs. Issues related to the health of the newborn are addressed with special emphasis on the medical and health concerns of the premature infant. Health issues related to developmental disabilities in general are summarized. A broad overview of the funding of health care services for infants and toddlers and an introduction to medical ethics is provided.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:

  1. Define health and disease.
  2. Cite the elements of valid medical literature.
  3. Explain the basics of newborn development and care.
  4. Discuss the issues related to the health of premature infants.
  5. Demonstrate an understanding of the health issues related to infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities.
  6. Cite the causes, incidence and prevalence of infant morbidity and mortality.
  7. Demonstrate knowledge of the effect that a child with a medically complex condition and/or intensive special need has on a family and how the child is affected within the family dynamics.
  8. Describe funding sources to assist families with the health care needs of infants and toddlers.
  9. List the ethical considerations in the provision of health care for infants and toddlers with medically complex conditions and/or intensive special needs.


The following resources are necessary for the completion of this lesson. Learners may wish to access and print a hard copy of the resources prior to beginning the lesson and for future reference. Some resource documents can be found in the Resource Bank. Others are available online.

As you look at infant data for Florida on the websites, print the neonatal birth and death rates for Florida. Be prepared to answer questions on the categorical breakdown of information that is provided relating to infant birth and death rates.

Key Words

Definitions of key words are found in the glossary.

  • Anomaly
  • Asphyxia
  • Bacterial sepsis
  • Biotinidase deficiency
  • Corpus callosum
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Duodenal atresia
  • Esophagitis
  • Gastroschisis
  • Hypoperfusion
  • Hypoxia
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Imperforate anus
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage
  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation
  • Phenylketonuria
  • Projectile Vomiting
  • Pyloric Stenosis
  • Spina Bifida
  • Tracheal-Esophageal (T-E) Fistula


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