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Infant Toddler Development Training
Module 6, Lesson 4


This lesson presents basic knowledge related to neurological and orthopedic conditions in infants and toddlers. The information provides a foundation for planning intervention strategies for young children with neurological or orthopedic conditions. This lesson provides the Infant Toddler Developmental Specialist (ITDS) with information that will be useful in helping the family understand and integrate developmental supports for their child.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:

  1. Identify types of neurological and orthopedic conditions, their causes, symptoms, and effect on the child and family.
  2. Recognize frequently used treatments, medications and adaptive equipment for children with neurological and orthopedic conditions including use of technological supports.
  3. Use diagnostic reasoning to fully participate in the development of an Individualized Family Support Plan (IFSP) and Plan of Care within the context of family needs, priorities and activities for the child with a neurological or orthopedic condition.
  4. Recognize and list how a child with a neurological or orthopedic condition affects the dynamics within a family.
  5. Identify appropriate community resources for infants and toddlers who have neurological or orthopedic conditions.
  6. Adapt the evaluation and assessment process for the child with neurological or orthopedic conditions.


The following resources are necessary for the completion of this lesson. Learners may wish to access and print a hard copy of the resources prior to beginning the lesson and for future reference. Some resource documents can be found in the Resource Bank. Others are available online.

Key Words

Definitions of key words are found in the glossary.

  • Absence Seizures
  • Amputee
  • Anencephaly
  • Becker's MD
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Dandy - Walker Malformation
  • Duchenne's MD
  • Dysplasia
  • Ehler's Danlos
  • Folic Acid
  • Hydranencephaly
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Limb Malformations
  • Lissencephaly
  • Meningocele
  • Mitochondrial Myopathy
  • Myelomeningocele
  • Neurological Insult
  • Orthopedic Condition
  • Porencephalic Cysts
  • Scoliosis
  • Tonic- Clonic
  • Ventricular Cysts


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