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Children's Medical Services - Special services for children with special needs
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Infant Toddler Development Training
Module 6, Lesson 1


This lesson provided the ITDS with an introduction to health and disease in infants and toddlers including definition of terms. The basic priorities of newborn development and care were reviewed. Health issues relating to premature births were explained. The ITDS is reminded to make a neurological correction for children until the age of two years to adjust for prematurity when calculating scores on developmental assessments.

The relevance of feeding issues for the newborn and infant were summarized. Infant morbidity and mortality were explained with the major causes cited. The impact on the family, the cost of health care, and ethics related to the provision of care for infants and toddlers with medically complex conditions and/or intensive special needs were briefly summarized. The ITDS was reminded that all infants and toddlers need a medical home to serve as the hub of their medical care and record keeping. Website links to relevant information were provided for expansion of ideas presented in the lesson.


American Academy of Pediatrics (2003). Infant Mortality Rates: Latest figures 2001 and 2002. December.

American Academy of Pediatrics (2001). Policy statement: WIC Program; Provisional section on breastfeeding. In Pediatrics. Vol. 108, No. 5. November. pp. 1216 – 1217. http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/pediatrics/108/5/1216.full.pdf

Apgar, V. (1994 – 1998). Apgar scoring for newborns. Childbirth Organization. http://www.childbirth.org/articles/

Batshaw, ML (2002). Children with disabilities, 5th edition. Maryland: Paul H. Brookes.

Clinical Evidence. About us. Website owned by BMJ Publishing Group Limited. BMA House, Tavistock Square, London. http://www.clinicalevidence.com/ceweb/about/index.jsp

Florida Vital Statistics Annual Report. (2002). Live Births and Fetal and Infant Deaths. Florida's Department of Health. https://www.floridahealth.gov/

Jackson, PL, Vessey, JA (2000). Primary care of the child with a chronic condition. 3rd edition Mosby Publishing Co. Chapter 1.

Newachek, PW, Halton, N. (1998). Prevalence and impact of disabling conditions in Childhood. American Journal of Public Health 88 (4). 610-617.

Olshansky, S. (1962). Chronic sorrow: A response to having a mentally defective child. Social Casework. 43, 190-193.

Sandall, S., McLean, M.E., Smith, B.J. (Eds.) (2000). DEC Recommended practices in early intervention/early childhood special education. Denver, CO: Division of Early Childhood.

Scott, J. U. (2003 - 2004). Text files Pediatric health issues for birth to five: web-enhanced course for the ITDS at the University of South Florida: Grosz & Scott.

Sparrow, J., Associate Director of the Touchpoint Center. Emotional Development of Infants (Keynote Address). Early Childhood Conference at the Embassy Suites on the USF Campus, Sept. 17, 2004.

Ward, LP & McKune, SK (2002). The first weeks of life. In Batshaw's Children with Disabilities, 5th edition. Maryland: Paul H. Brookes. P 67-70, 72.



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