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Infant Toddler Development Training
Module 4, Lesson 2


The previous lesson included the history and basics of quality infant/toddler curriculum. The role of the Primary Service Provider as coach in the home, community or child care setting curricula may have been new to you. The content and activities provided insight into ways providers interact with families and other caregivers to promote infant and toddler development.

Baby sitting on gorillaAs you progress through this module, it is imperative that you keep the following point in mind. Infant and toddler development should not be thought of in parts or separate domains, such as social development. All areas of development are interdependent. Though, to provide a more focused look at specific child needs and strengths in each area of development, Lessons 2-5 present a specific aspect of infant/toddler development. However, always remember that as the infant/toddler, caregiver and/or provider work on functional skills, they are frequently working on more than one domain of development.

As you begin lesson 2 you will gain insight into the specific social-emotional needs of infants/toddlers. You will see that strong attachment or personal feelings with a caregiver and/or parent is the cornerstone for all other areas of development. Children with strong attachments can develop a strong and healthy sense of self-concept and are able to more fully self-regulate their emotions and behaviors.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:

  1. Identify appropriate developmental interventions to be included in the IFSP that will reduce stress, promote self-regulation and interaction.
  2. Understand ways to assist the family in accessing resources in the community outlined in the IFSP, while considering the unique needs of the family including: emotional, language, cultural, religious, and geographic factors.
  3. Demonstrate the ability, with the family and other team members, to use evaluation and assessment information to formulate outcomes and to identify effective strategies, activities and resources that address those outcomes.
  4. Explain how to develop a plan to deliver services in the natural environment.


The following resources are necessary for the completion of this lesson. Learners may wish to access and print a hard copy of the resources prior to beginning the lesson for future reference. Some resource documents can be found in the Resource Bank. Others are available online.

Note: One article for this lesson can be found in a professional journal. It is suggested that the learner visit a community college or university in their area to obtain the article. See the lesson content for further details.

Key Words

Definitions of key words are found in the glossary.

  • Domain
  • Activity settings
  • Developmental-instigating
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Parentese
  • Perception
  • Child variables
  • Attachment
  • Generalization
  • Intrinsically motivating
  • Social-emotional
  • Ecological
  • Interactional
  • Zone of proximal development
  • Reflexes
  • Scaffolding
  • Temperament
  • Stimulation
  • Culturally Sensitive


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